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On January 28, 1916, the vote for women was legalized. [143] Carol Shields won both the Governor General's Award and the Pulitzer Prize for The Stone Diaries. In that year, the Red River reached its highest level since 1861 and flooded most of the Red River Valley. In 1997, the "Flood of the Century" caused over C$400 million in damages in Manitoba, but the floodway prevented Winnipeg from flooding. The terminal was relocated from downtown Winnipeg to the airport in 2009, and is a Greyhound hub. This basin's rivers reach far west to the mountains, far south into the United States, and east into Ontario. In: Cook, Ramsay. [64], Winnipeg was inundated during the 1950 Red River Flood and had to be partially evacuated. Trends in Canadian Theatre. Southern Health-Santé Sud Board of Directors September 2020 Meeting Highlights. Butler, George E. The Lakes and Lake Fisheries of Manitoba. The Language Problem in Manitoba's Schools. About Manitoba… The Winnipeg Folk Festival's home – Birds Hill Provincial Park – is 34 kilometres outside of Winnipeg and for the five days of the festival, it becomes Manitoba's third largest "city." [104], Although French is an official language for the purposes of the legislature, legislation, and the courts, the Manitoba Act does not require it to be an official language for the purpose of the executive branch (except when performing legislative or judicial functions). In the summer, air masses sometimes come out of the Southern United States, as warm humid air is drawn northward from the Gulf of Mexico. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Manitoba, Canada on Tripadvisor: See 27,613 traveler reviews and photos of Manitoba tourist attractions. Schwartz, Bryan; Cheung, Perry. [84], In January 2018, the Canadian Federation of Independent Business claimed Manitoba was the most improved province for tackling red tape. Almost one-fifth of respondents also identified their ethnicity as "Canadian". 3029x1985 / 3,95 Mb Go to Map. The Court of Appeal hears appeals from both benches; its decisions can only be appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada. New Simplot french fry plant in Canada expected to come on line later this year. Rupert's Land was ceded to Canada by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1869 and incorporated into the Northwest Territories; a lack of attention to Métis concerns caused Métis leader Louis Riel to establish a local provisional government which formed into the Convention of Forty and the subsequent elected Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia on 9 March 1870. [12], Baldy Mountain is the province's highest point at 832 metres (2,730 ft) above sea level,[13] and the Hudson Bay coast is the lowest at sea level. 3381x3446 / 6,28 Mb Go to Map. In April 1890, the Manitoba legislature attempted to abolish the official status of French and ceased to publish bilingual legislation. This region, particularly the Red River Valley, is flat and fertile; receding glaciers left hilly and rocky areas throughout the province. Fletcher, Robert. There are several ethnic weekly newspapers,[156] including the weekly French-language La Liberté, and regional and national magazines based in the city. Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 4T7 [107], In 2010, the provincial government of Manitoba passed the Aboriginal Languages Recognition Act, which gives official recognition to seven indigenous languages: Cree, Dakota, Dene, Inuktitut, Michif, Ojibway and Oji-Cree. Gray, John Morgan. [93] Since then, the Progressive Conservatives and the NDP have been the dominant parties. Summers are warm with a moderate length. [40] York Factory was founded in 1684 after the original fort of the Hudson's Bay Company, Fort Nelson (built in 1682), was destroyed by rival French traders. This area is cold and windy in the winter and often has blizzards because of the open landscape. [67], At the 2016 census, Manitoba had a population of 1,278,365, more than half of which is in the Winnipeg Capital Region; Winnipeg is Canada's eighth-largest Census Metropolitan Area, with a population of 778,489 (2016 Census[68]). [44] Thomas Spence attempted to be President of the Republic of Manitobah in 1867, that he and his council named. Manitoba is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territory of Nunavut to the north, and the US states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south. [15], Manitoba is the nation's largest producer of sunflower seed and dry beans,[79] and one of the leading sources of potatoes. Manitoba's Political Party Systems: An Historical Overview. Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye, Manitoba Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, List of communities in Manitoba by population, Canadian Federation of Independent Business, 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport, Ministry of Advanced Education and Literacy, Minister of Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport, The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford, List of music festivals in Canada § Manitoba, Canada West Universities Athletic Association, Manitoba Lotteries Women's Curling Classic, "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses", "Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories", "The legal context of Canada's official languages", Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2015), Land and Freshwater area, by province and territory, 10.1577/1548-8659(1949)79[18:tlalfo]2.0.co;2, Summary Table of Wheats and Grains by Province, Total farm area, land tenure and land in crops, by province (Census of Agriculture, 1986 to 2006) (Manitoba), Mean Max Temp History at The Forks, Manitoba, Canada's Top Ten Weather Stories for 2007, Elie Tornado Upgraded to Highest Level on Damage Scale Canada's First Official F5 Tornado, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T132834A3464336.en, "A History of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia/le Conseil du Governement Provisoire", 100th Anniversary of Women's First Right to Vote in Canada, Winnipeg Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) with census subdivision (municipal) population breakdowns, 2006 Community Profiles Manitoba & Winnipeg, Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census – 20% Sample Data, Manitoba's Aboriginal Community: a 2001 to 2026 population & demographic profile, Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory, Provincial and Territorial Economic Accounts Review, Individuals by total income level, by province and territory, Latest release from the Labour Force Survey, "Business lobby says Manitoba most improved province for tackling red tape", Manitoba premier kicks renegade MLA from caucus, Provincial Court – Description of the Court's Work, Population by knowledge of official language, by province and territory (2006 Census), Winnipeg bus depot to move after 45 years downtown, Transportation: Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport, Winnipeg Airports Authority Officially Opens Community's New Front Door, Founding Year and Joining Year of AUCC Member Institutions, 80th Annual Academy Awards Oscar Nominations Fact Sheet, Cumulative List of Winners of the Governor General's Literary Awards, Lynn Johnston to Enter Canadian Cartoonists' Hall of Fame on Friday, Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author of the quotation on the back of the new $20 note, "From Plain People to Plains People: Mennonite Literature from the Canadian Prairies", Anthropological Resources: A Guide to Archival, Library, and Museum Collections, Canadian Ethnic Newspapers Currently Received, Latest Example of an NHL Trend Is the Flight of the Winnipeg Jets, It's official: the Winnipeg Jets are back, World's biggest bonspiel open to women curlers in 2014, Canadian Athletes: The Greatest Athletes Canada Has Ever Produced, Former colonies and territories in Canada, Proposed provinces and territories of Canada, World Wars and Interwar Years (1914–1945), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Manitoba&oldid=988259112, States and territories established in 1870, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 02:23. [146], Festivals take place throughout the province, with the largest centred in Winnipeg. Manitoba's First Farmers. [15] Around 12 percent of Canada's farmland is in Manitoba. [164] Manitoba has two major junior-level hockey teams, the Western Hockey League's Brandon Wheat Kings and Winnipeg Ice, and one junior football team, the Winnipeg Rifles of the Canadian Junior Football League. As a result, a reserve system was established under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government. The most popular things to do in Manitoba with kids according to Tripadvisor travelers are: InterContinental (IHG) Hotels in Manitoba, Things to do near Birds Hill Provincial Park, See all attractions in Manitoba on Tripadvisor, See all outdoor activities in Manitoba on Tripadvisor, See all kid friendly things to do in Manitoba on Tripadvisor. The Port of Churchill is Canada's only Arctic deep-water port. The tallgrass prairie once dominated the south central and southeastern parts including the Red River Valley. [109] Trucks haul 95 percent of land freight in Manitoba, and trucking companies account for 80 percent of Manitoba's merchandise trade to the United States. Unanimous support in the legislature was needed to bypass public consultation. Portage la Prairie is a major potato processing centre, and is home to the McCain Foods and Simplot plants, which provide French fries for McDonald's, Wendy's, and other commercial restaurant chains. [52], By 1911, Winnipeg was the third largest city in Canada, and remained so until overtaken by Vancouver in the 1920s. 1 hit in the United States;[134] Guess Who guitarist Randy Bachman later created Bachman–Turner Overdrive (BTO) with fellow Winnipeg-based musician Fred Turner. [51] Its borders were expanded in 1881, taking land from the Northwest Territories and the District of Keewatin, but Ontario claimed a large portion of the land; the disputed portion was awarded to Ontario in 1889. Maps are developed from Lucidmap’s iconic Canadian cartography. Stewart, Lillian. Manitoba has an eclectic collection of geographic landscapes, cities with unique flare and history and parks to meet the expectations for the artists, adventurists and kids at heart. In the early 17th century, fur traders began arriving in the area and establishing settlements along the Nelson, Assiniboine, and Red rivers, and on the Hudson Bay shoreline. [37], In 1611, Henry Hudson was one of the first Europeans to sail into what is now known as Hudson Bay, where he was abandoned by his crew. [22] Summers are generally warm to hot, with low to moderate humidity. Canada West Universities Athletic Association. [110] Winnipeg is a major sorting facility for both FedEx and Purolator, and receives daily trans-border service from UPS. York Factory National Historic Site. [6], The lake was known to French explorers as Lac des Prairies. [159] Winnipeg is home to twenty-one AM and FM radio stations, two of which are French-language stations. Major private-sector employers are The Great-West Life Assurance Company, Cargill Ltd., and James Richardson and Sons Ltd.[82] Manitoba also has large manufacturing and tourism sectors. [117] Public schools follow a provincially mandated curriculum in either French or English. Together, these smaller lines operate approximately 1,775 kilometres (1,103 mi) of track in the province. Folklorama, a multicultural festival run by the Folk Arts Council, receives around 400,000 pavilion visits each year, of which about thirty percent are from non-Winnipeg residents.

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