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Sesame seed candy is a confection of sesame seeds and sugar or honey pressed into a bar or ball. Here pasteli is produced commercially. Oxford University Press. [31] The editor of a collection of over 3,000 vintage Halloween postcards writes, "There are cards which mention the custom [of trick-or-treating] or show children in costumes at the doors, but as far as we can tell they were printed later than the 1920s and more than likely even the 1930s. Odysseus, […] Ancient Sparta. There are many accounts from 19th-century Scotland and Ireland of people going house to house in costume at Halloween, reciting verses in exchange for food, and sometimes warning of misfortune if they were not welcomed. Des Moines, Iowa is the only area known to have a record of trick-or-treating being used to deter crime. All users of our online services subject to Privacy Statement and agree to be bound by Terms of Service. Almost all pre-1940 uses of the term "trick-or-treat" are from the United States and Canada. Sparta was a city-state in ancient Greece. [14] Later, people went "from parish to parish at Halloween, begging soul-cakes by singing under the windows some such verse as this: 'Soul, souls, for a soul-cake; Pray you good mistress, a soul-cake! The version of pasteli most commonly sold in markets is generally hard—it's the addition of refined sugar in those recipes that make it that way. Instituto de Estudos Românicos. Ingredients. [12][13] People would visit houses and take soul-cakes, either as representatives of the dead, or in return for praying for their souls. It is popular from the Middle East through South Asia to East Asia.

Sometimes even the children protested: for Halloween 1948, members of the Madison Square Boys Club in New York City carried a parade banner that read "American Boys Don't Beg. In ancient Greek religion, pigs often supplied sacrifices to the gods (whereby normally the slain animals’ flesh would produce a banquet roast for the participating humans). In the 9th century, the Catholic Church made 1 November All Saints' Day. ⅓ cup pistachios (optional), cut in halves, ¼ cup sugar (optional - see notes below)*. Departures® is published by Meredith Corporation Travel & Leisure Group, a subsidiary of Meredith Corporation. Free shipping for orders over $85. [2] Herodotus also mentions "sweet cakes of sesame and honey", but with no detail.[3].

( Log Out /  Uses Cooking, Zen practice, poetry, studying ancient history, literature, myth & folklore as positive coping mechanisms. E-mail from Louise and Gary Carpentier, 29 May 2007, editors of, Moss, Doris Hudson. [68], In Portugal, children go from house to house in All Saints day and All Souls Day, carrying pumpkin carved lanterns called coca,[69] asking every one they see for Pão-por-Deus singing rhymes where they remind people why they are begging, saying "...It is for me and for you, and to give to the deceased who are dead and buried"[70] or "It is to share with your deceased"[71] If a door is not open or the children don't get anything, they end their singing saying "In this house smells like lard, here must live someone deceased".

The ancient Greek writer Athenaeus of Naucratis records in his book The Deipnosophists that, in ancient times, the Greek island of Rhodes had a custom in which children would go from door-to-door dressed as swallows, singing a song, which demanded the owners of the house to give them food and threatened to cause mischief if the owners of the house refused. In Canada, students from the local high schools, colleges, and universities dress up to collect food donations for the local Food Banks as a form of trick-or-treating.

[1] In North America, trick-or-treating has been a Halloween tradition since the 1920s. The organization has long produced disposable collection boxes that state on the back what the money can be used for in developing countries. [4][55][56] The tradition is called "guising" because of the disguises or costumes worn by the children.

In fact, there are a diversity of opinions regarding when to end trick or treating, the most restrictive of which is age 12, the least restrictive at any age, and a common rule of thumb being "if you are old enough to drive a car you are too old to beg strangers for candy". Since the Middle Ages, a tradition of mumming on a certain holiday has existed in parts of Britain and Ireland. View Terms of Service Unknown; possibly Ancient Greece: Main ingredients: Sesame seeds, sugar or honey: Cookbook: Sesame seed candy; The term "sesame candy" may also refer to sesame halva. [4] The activity is prevalent in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Australia, Puerto Rico, and northwestern and central Mexico. [25] Guising also involved going to wealthy homes, and in the 1920s, boys went guising at Halloween up to the affluent Thorntonhall, South Lanarkshire. participation has spread through whole neighborhoods, with children even visiting senior residences and condominiums. Add honey, lemon peel, lemon juice, and sugar if using, to a pot. In Greece and Cyprus, sesame seed candy is called pasteli and is generally a flat, oblong bar made with honey and often including nuts. Sesame candy is also traditional to northern Iran (Mazandaran province) and is called Peshtezik in Mazandarani and Persian. Some have called for more city or community group-sponsored trunk-or-treats, so they can be more inclusive. Traditions similar to the modern custom of trick-or-treating extend all the way back to classical antiquity, although it is extremely unlikely that any of them are directly related to the modern custom.

Place snails in the pan with shell mouths down. The ritual begging for the deceased used to take place all over the year as in several regions the dead, those who were dear, were expected to arrive and take part in the major celebrations like Christmas and a plate with food or a seat at the table was always left for them. These types of candy are influenced by the Chinese. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. – Source. [4][60] Growing up in Derry, Northern Ireland in the 1960s, Michael Bradley recalls kids asking, “Any nuts or apples?”. Sprinkle salt into a large frying pan and place it over medium heat. The island was also mentioned in Homer’s epic poem, The Odyssey, when one of the characters says that he spent a year there, lured by Circe, on his voyage back to his home in Ithaca. Revista portuguesa de filologia – Volume 12 – Página 745 – 1963, Leite de Vasconcelos, Opúsculos Etnologia – volumes VII, Lisboa, Imprensa Nacional, 1938, "Ten trick-or-treating facts for impressive bonfire chats", Postcard & Greeting Card Museum: Halloween Gallery, Morticia's Morgue Antique Halloween Postcards, "Ragamuffin Parades Mark Holiday in City", Trick-or-treaters can expect Mom or Dad’s favorites in their bags this year, “Halloween: trick, treat and a total travesty?”, The cultural and political formation of a west of Scotland "baby-boomer", Volume 1, "Halloween Blue Bucket Autism Link Explained: How the Trick-or-treat Pumpkin Bucket Is Being Used to Raise Awareness", "Top ten Irish Halloween traditions and memories you may share", "Scottish Guising: Medieval And Modern Theatre Games", "11 struggles every Irish trick or treater remembers", "A very Derry Halloween: a carnival of frights, fireworks and parade", "'Trunk or treat' doesn't include all children".
"[26] Kelley lived in Lynn, Massachusetts, a town with 4,500 Irish immigrants, 1,900 English immigrants, and 700 Scottish immigrants in 1920.

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